MainStreet Musicals







Main Street Musicals


MainStreet Evaluations

The Human Toll (038)

A Rock Musical

| script | score | snap shot | cast description | synopsis | evaluation form |

Musical selections

click on a title from list below to play


Selections from the score may be listened to while opening the various other components in pdf. Adobe Flash Player is required. If you are having any problems or do not wish to use Flash see notes below.


Download or open The Full Script in Adobe Reader.


Download or open The Full Score in Adobe Reader.


Cast Description

Robert Moses -- master builder, portrayed by the same actor as a college student, through middle age, and finally as an older man.

The Troubadour – a witness to history over the course of Moses’ career.

Alfred E. Smith -- governor of New York, the first Catholic presidential candidate.

Rita Ray – Showgirl, close friend of Moses, performed at Billy Rose’s Diamond Horseshoe, and later at Jones Beach Theater

William Randolph Hearst – Newspaper publisher

Robert Wagner -- mayor of New York.

James Felt - City Planning Commissioner under Wagner, a Moses proxy

Elmore Seabrook -- grandson of slaves, resident of the Bronx, displaced.

Concheta Pozallo -- Italian immigrant, resident of South Brooklyn, displaced.

Jane Jacobs -- vocal critic of Robert Moses’ modern urban planning principles, author, community activist.

Father Gerard La Mountain – Rector of the Church of the Most Holy Crucifix on Broome Street

Nelson Rockefeller – governor of New York, Moses’ nemesis

Walter O’Malley -- owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers

Lewis Mumford -- Historian, literary critic, philosopher of urban architecture, architecture critic of The New Yorker



“The Human Toll” chronicles master builder Robert Moses’ evolution from populist believer in the common man to a power-insulated enemy of the people.  It is a truly staggering and shocking human story.

But it is also a story of New York.  As we vault from boardrooms and hearing rooms to satellite views, to street corners, to scenes around the kitchen table, the narrative seesaws from the cold conceptualism of planning and politics, to the deep, bloody turmoil of the human soul.

The Story, in Brief

From his folk-hero early years when the newspapers portrayed him as a Johnny Appleseed of the common man, building parks, roads and public facilities across New York State, to his creation and leadership of the new Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, Robert Moses was a modern-day shadow Caesar.  In the early 1950s, at the height of his power, Mayor Robert Wagner tried to get rid of his commissioner, but couldn’t. Moses, who put tens of thousands to work, was just too influential.  Through the powers of eminent domain, he managed to raze entire neighborhoods, displacing over half a million low-income and middle-class New Yorkers to make way for public housing and highways.  Ultimately these colossal projects would divert resources from public transportation and other civic amenities (like parks, ironically enough), helping to create a new class of entrenched, political interests.

The Man


In a career as commissioner spanning forty years, Robert Moses conceived, built and even ran much of New York City.  He was by far the most powerful unelected public official New York has ever seen.  And because his ideas and techniques were imitated across the country for decades to come, his influence would extend well beyond New York.  In fact Moses truly parted the waters for the car culture of today, and by extension a modern urbanism that shaped how almost every American city looks today.

Brash, brilliant, socially awkward, the 20th Century’s Ultimate Master Builder -- he didn’t even drive!

Evaluation Form

If you did not receive the Form via email, please email Tim.


To save the Score and the script to your computer click with the right mouse button. A small menu should appear select "save target as" or "save to your computer," or "save link as." The exact text may vary depending on your browser.

get flashplayer To listen to the score on the Music player above you will need Adobe Flash Player ver 9 or above. If you need to update your version of flash player it only takes a minute. If you prefer to not use the music player to listen to the songs. Please email us and we can make the songs available to you another way.
get adobe reader To open The Score, the Script or the Evaluation Form you will need Adobe Reader. Click if you need to install or update Adobe Reader.